As for Mesko’s [Mieszko’s] state, it is the vastest of their [that is, Slavic] states. It is abundant in food, meat, honey, and arable land [or: fish]. The taxes [or: fees] collected by him [that is, Mieszko] [constitute] commercial weights. [They] are allocated [for] his soldiers’ [or: infantrymen’s] pay. Every month each [of them is assigned] a fixed [literally: known] number of these. Mesko has three thousand armored soldiers [divided into] detachments, and a hundred is as powerful as dozens of other [warriors]. He gives these men clothes, horses, weaponry, and everything they need. And when a child is born to any of them, then he [that is, Mieszko] orders pay to be paid to him since birth [literally: on the hour when the child is born], no matter if it is a boy or a girl. And when [the child] grows up, then if it is a man, then Mesko marries him off and pays a wedding gift to the girl’s father on his behalf, and if the child is of the female sex [literally: is a woman], then he marries her off and pays the wedding gift to her father. And the wedding gift is substantial, in which the Slavs’ custom resembles the Berbers’. If a man has two or three daughters then they [become] the reason for his wealth, and when two boys are born to him, then this [becomes] the cause of his destitution.
Mesko borders on the Rus in the east and the Burus [Prussian] in the north. The main urban centers of Burussia [are located] on the Ocean [= Baltic Sea]. They have a separate language [and] they do not speak the languages of their neighbors. They are famous for their valor. When an army attacks them, no man takes his time before joining his companions. Quite the reverse, he acts without thinking about the others and hacks away with his sword until he dies. The Russians cross from the west aboard ships and [attack] them.
West off Burussia [=Prussians] [there lies] the City of Women. It has lands and slaves and they [that is, the women] become pregnant off their slaves. When a woman gives birth to a boy, she kills him. They ride on horseback and they personally fight in wars, and they are characterized by strength and ferocity. Ibrahim Ibn Yaqub said: “The news about this city [is] true; I have been told about it by Hotto [Otton I], the Roman Emperor.”
West off this city [lives] a certain tribe that belongs to Slavs, known as the Welteba people [=the Veleti]. [It lives] in forests belonging to Mesko’s lands [or: in forests located off Mieszko’s lands] from the direction which is close to the west and a part of the north. They have a powerful city on the Ocean [=Baltic Sea], which has twelve gates. It has an harbor, for which they use halved tree trunks. They fight against Mesko, and their military potential [is] great. They have no king and they will not be led by a single [ruler]. They are governed by their elders.
(English translation based on T. Kowalski’s Polish translation published in Monumenta Poloniae Historica [Cracow, 1946], series II, vol. 1, p. 50)